Through harmonisation with past, on-going and new projects, JOMOPANS has been inspired to develop a monitoring programme with broad utility and replicability. Moreover, JOMOPANS has contributed to the application of coherent measurements and modelling standards across the North Sea.

Initiating new research projects
JOMOPANS fits into a range of projects. Each project contributes new insights into the field of underwater noise.
An important predecessor of JOMOPANS was the BIAS project in the Baltic Sea.
•    BIAS (Baltic Sea Information on the Acoustic Soundscape) is an EU LIFE+ funded collaborative project to develop effective ways to monitor and manage noise across the Baltic Sea. The project consortium comprises seven beneficiaries within the participating nations of Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Poland, Germany and Denmark. The project started in September 2012 with the aim of implementing a common approach to handle continuous noise, which is one aspect of Descriptor, and was finalized in August 2016.
•    JONAS (Joint Framework for Ocean Noise in the Atlantic Seas) is an INTERREG Atlantic Area-funded research project addressing threats to biodiversity from underwater noise pollution through better risk management and monitoring. The project aims to address the risks of acoustic pressures on biodiversity focusing on sensitive receptor species in the North East Atlantic by streamlining ocean noise monitoring and risk prediction. Cost effective, risk-based approaches to monitoring and modelling noise across the maritime territories of the Atlantic Arc countries (France, Ireland, Portugal, Spain and the UK) will be developed. These will be appropriate to the scale of the area, the levels of anthropogenic pressure, and the susceptibility of receptor species.
•    SATURN (Solutions At Underwater Radiated Noise) is an EU H2020-funded project researching solutions to the problem of underwater radiated noise caused by shipping and other vessels. The project will examine; i) which sounds pose the greatest threat to aquatic species and how they are produced and propagated; ii) the short and long-term effects of underwater radiated noise on invertebrates, fish, and marine mammals; and iii) the most promising options for reducing the negative impacts of underwater radiated noise. SATURN will also develop and progress standards for terminology and methodology across all disciplines working on underwater radiated noise, producing recommendations for effective underwater sound management.

Strengthening transatlantic cooperation 
JOMOPANS has been very successful in collaboration with various projects and instituted around the world. These projects include:
•    ECHO (Enhancing Cetacean Habitat and Observation) is a program of the Port of Vancouver in Canada. Based on the database of the ECHO project of ship signatures a model for ship noise source levels was developed. This model was used for the JOMOPANS soundscape maps.
•    IMO (International Maritime Organization) approved guidelines on reducing underwater sound from commercial shipping, to address adverse impacts on marine life. JOMOPANS team members participate in the drafting group to review and update the IMO guidelines to reduce shipping underwater radiated noise.
•    PAME (Protecting the Arctic Marine Environment) is an initiative of the Arctic Council. JOMOPANS advised on the implementation of monitoring of underwater noise in the Arctic seas. The underwater noise topics of PAME are led by WWF Canada and Transport Canada.
•    PAMNaCC (Passive Acoustic Monitoring National Cyberinfrastructure Center) is an initiative of NOAA in the United Stated. JOMOPANS participates in this initiative to make acoustic measurement data available for re-use.
•    Quietseas is the Mediterranean counterpart of the JOMOPANS project. This project is built on the work developed by the QUIETMED (2017-2019) and QUIETMED2 (2019-2021) projects

Developing standard procedures 
Before JOMOPANS, there were no international standards for monitoring ambient noise. JOMOPANS has laid the foundation for such standards with the procedures and protocols developed in the project. In total, the project has developed standard procedures for:
•    Terminology;

The four standard procedures have built upon existing guidance (e.g. from ISO, EU TG Noise, NPL and the EU BIAS project). They will now form important input documents to international standards to be developed by ISO TC43 SC3. In this committee, a new work item proposal has been submitted in 2021 on standardisation of ocean sound monitoring. The impact of JOMOPANS is reflected in the fact that several key members of the ISO committee (including the Chair of the committee and the work item leader) are project partners. The influence on the ISO work will ensure the project has lasting impact and legacy in the field of standardisation.
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